A disinfectant is a chemical substance that destroys the growth of pathogenic microorganisms in a non-spore or vegetative state or prevents their reproduction. Microorganisms include invisible organisms such as viruses, bacteria, algae and fungi. Disinfection does not mean sterilization. Disinfectants do not kill all organisms precisely, but reduce microorganisms to a minimum that does not harm health or the quality of perishable goods.

Disinfectants, in order to provide hygiene and remove microorganisms are applied to items and tools, surfaces and skin. According to the places of use; there are different types of disinfectants including surface and ambient disinfectants, hand and skin sanitizers.

Hand sanitizers are produced and offered solution and gel forms. There is no difference between them in terms of effect and consumers can choose which one they find more suitable for use. Matters needing attention; the disinfectant to be used must contain at least 65% and above alcohol.

Nowadays, when the spread of the Covid-19 epidemic continues, the use of disinfectants has become widespread. Washing hands with soap and water as often as possible during the day is the primary prevention method. However, in situations where soap and water are not available, disinfectants come to the rescue. On the other hand, excessive use of disinfectants can cause skin irritation. Therefore, the use of disinfectants containing moisturizers and softeners such as glycerine is recommended. After the disinfectant is applied to hands, hands should be expected to dry in their own way, without touching anywhere and shaking them in air to dry.

All surfaces where microorganisms exist or may exist should be cleaned. Especially when entering environments with increased contact with other people and objects, having and using disinfectant in our pocket or bag will be an effective protection measure. It is also important to have disinfection stations in stores, workplaces, vehicles, food and beverage establishments, hotels, etc.

An article by WHO


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